to abolish/scrap tuition fees: to stop charging tuition fees
eligible: if a student is eligible, it means he/she can apply to not pay tuition fees
announcing the scheme last week: scheme = (N.) plan
starting a race with an anchor tied to your leg: anchor 船錨, if you have an anchor tied to your leg, you cannot run fast, this means students with a high student debt are at a strong disadvantage
elderly student debtors: 'elderly' here just means 'older' and not 'old people,' this is relative to the 'younger' students; 'debtors' are people who owe money
address the anxieties: to help overcome the worries, to help solve the problems
earning too much to benefit from scholarships for the most deprived, but struggling to afford increased fees: students from middle class families come from families that earn too much so they cannot benefit from scholarships for the most deprived, or the poorest students; however, these students struggle to afford tuition fees
rise, rose, risen
to rise sharply: to increase rapidly
student loan debt in the US has outstripped the amount owed on credit cards: student loan debt > credit card debt; to outstrip means 'to be more than'
standing at $1.3 trillion (£1.07 trillion): a fee/debt 'stands at XXX dollars' means a fee/debt amounts to XXX dollars
the recently graduated: students who just graduated; recently is an adv. that describes 'graduated,' here used as an adj.; for example, the rich = the rich people; the graduated = the students who graduated
quadruple: a verb meaning 'to be 4 times as much'
outstanding loans: loans that are still not paid back
in the region of: in the range of, usually refers to a number range
take up the fee offer: if there is an offer 優惠, one can 'take up the offer' meaning you get the discount or the free item
you're going to be $30,000, $50,000, $100,000 in debt: you are going to owe XXX dollars
In England, the government is pushing in the opposite direction, with plans to increase tuition fees to £9,250 from the autumn: while New York is going in the direction of scrapping tuition fees, England is going the opposite direction
with the fees to be levied on non-EU students: to charge/levy non-EU students the fees
state subsidies: 各州的補助
inflate fees even further: inflate means to increase, comes from 'inflating a ballooon with air'
taxpayers picking up the bill: to 'pick up the bill' means 'to pay'
either side of a border: either side means 無論是哪一邊, the border here refers to the border between states or countries
mark my words: 'mark' is a verb, 命令句; it means 'pay attention to my words because my prediction will come true'
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Dr Fiona Hu